CORONAVIRUS INFO PROVIDED BY DR. JIM HARRIS – 9/2/2020

September 2, 2020

From MNM: On Monday there were 5 new Covid

FROM MNM: Harrison County Judge Chad Sims reported six new COVID-19 cases on Tuesday….He noted that of the county’s cumulative total of 806 positive cases, 35 have been fatalities, 741 have been recoveries and 30 are considered active cases.

TESTING RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE INFECTIOUS DISEASES SOCIETY OF AMERICA 

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MORE FROM JOHNS HOPKINS:
1.FDA Broadens Emergency Use Authorization for Veklury (Remdesivir) to Include All Hospitalized Patients for Treatment of COVID-19 (FDA) The U.S. Food and Drug Administration broadened the scope of the existing emergency use authorization (EUA) for the drug Veklury (remdesivir) to include treatment of all hospitalized adult and pediatric patients with suspected or laboratory-confirmed COVID-19, irrespective of their severity of disease. Based on the Agency’s ongoing review of the EUA, including its review of the totality of scientific information now available, the FDA has determined that it is reasonable to believe Veklury may be effective for the treatment of suspected or laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 in all hospitalized adult and pediatric patients. The Agency’s review has also concluded that the known and potential benefits of Veklury outweigh the known and potential risks for these uses.

2.Infectious Diseases Specialists to FDA: Don’t Cut Corners in COVID-19 Vaccine Approval (IDSA) The Infectious Diseases Society of America and its HIV Medicine Association are urging the Food and Drug Administration to ensure rigorous safety and efficacy data support the approval of a COVID-19 vaccine before its widespread use by the public. In an Aug. 26 letter to FDA Commissioner Stephen Hahn, M.D., and Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research Director Peter Marks, M.D., PhD, the groups strongly recommend that full licensure of a vaccine is preferable to an Emergency Use Authorization, particularly in light of public distrust of vaccines. If an EUA is the route to market for a vaccine, however, IDSA and HIVMA stress that supporting data must first be scrutinized by internal and independent experts. At a minimum, the groups urge, a Phase 3 trial should be completed before FDA approval.

3. New Trump Pandemic Adviser Pushes Controversial ‘Herd Immunity’ Strategy, Worrying Public Health Officials (Washington Post) One of President Trump’s top medical advisers is urging the White House to embrace a controversial “herd immunity” strategy to combat the pandemic, which would entail allowing the coronavirus to spread through most of the population to quickly build resistance to the virus, while taking steps to protect those in nursing homes and other vulnerable populations, according to five people familiar with the discussions. The approach’s chief proponent is Scott Atlas, a neuroradiologist from Stanford’s conservative Hoover Institution, who joined the White House earlier this month as a pandemic adviser. He has advocated that the United States adopt the model Sweden has used to respond to the virus outbreak, according to these officials, which relies on lifting restrictions so the healthy can build up immunity to the disease rather than limiting social and business interactions to prevent the virus from spreading.

4. Studies Highlight Dynamic Impact of COVID-19 on Antibiotic Use (CIDRAP) Since the novel coronavirus pandemic began, limited data from small studies in several countries have indicated high rates of antibiotic prescribing in COVID-19 patients and low rates of bacterial co-infections, raising concerns about unnecessary antibiotic use and the pandemic’s potential impact on antimicrobial resistance (AMR). In the study, published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, researchers looked at data on more than 1,700 hospitalized COVID-19 patients treated at 38 Michigan hospitals from Mar 13 to Jun 18 and found that more than half received early antibiotic therapy, with antibiotic use as high as 84% in some hospitals. But only a small fraction of those patients had bacterial co-infections.
https://apnews.com/ad394137fb0068ee4e8ac5ca703094b5 Click to copy RELATED TOPICS Virus Outbreak Africa International News South Africa Lifestyle COVID-19 takes loved ones, then the rituals to mourn them

How a Bus Ride Turned Into a Coronavirus Superspreader Event
(from JAMA originally)
The Most American COVID-19 Failure Yet
“Less than 1 percent of sick people fail to respond to contact tracers in Iceland, Ævar Pálmi Pálmason, who leads the country’s tracing effort, told me. In New Zealand, 86 percent of people contacted by tracers respond within 48 hours. “The U.S. contact-tracing effort has been a dismal failure compared with many of its peer countries,” says Lawrence Gostin, a professor of global-health law at Georgetown University.
“It’s literally too late to do contact tracing in Texas,” … That month, Texas had 15,000 new cases on some days….How are you going to go back and find all those old contacts? You can’t really trace if everyone and their cousin has it.”

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Labels

By George Smith

This country must redefine a label, change it, label it for what it is and stop using it in a blurred sense.

The label? Pro-life.

Everybody is pro-life…me, you, them, us!

Those who support Donald Trump, the most corrupt president in this country’s history, are not pro-life…they are anti-abortion.

Trump is only anti-abortion now because of its basic appeal to his base. A life-long chameleon on the issue, he has donated multiple times to Planned Parenthood and donated to candidates who fervently believe that a woman, in cincert with her doctor and God, has singular control over her body. And, according to second-wife Marla Maples, when she informed her then-boyfriend she was pregnsnt, he said, “Well, what are you going to do about it?”

And, then, there’s the issue of the American community making a commitment to assist in taking care of children born in less than ideal conditions. What, then?

The president has demanded cuts to programs aimed at supporting low income families with children.

(From Chikdren’s Defense Fund —April 2020)
President Trump’s 2020 budget request landed with a thud this week, laden with deep cuts to programs that lift millions of children and their families out of poverty every year. In a moment of great prosperity, just more than a year after giving away $2 trillion in tax cuts for the wealthy, the President has once again offered a draconian budget that would leave more children hungry, unhoused and uninsured.

“The President has proposed cutting the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly known as food stamps) by $220 billion over the next decade, even though SNAP helped 19.2 million children avoid hunger in 2016 and kept 1.5 million children out of poverty in 2017.”

Do not tell me this president cares about children, the embryo or newborn.

He cares about one thing — himself. It’s all about his fragile ego and how tough he can portray himself to be.

He’ll use anything — even the future and fate of children — to fulfill his fantasies of power and complete adulation.

He wants the best of all alt-right worlds: A strong, unwavering anti-abortion stance … AND a just-as-strong stance against so-called “gimme” programs that protect the health and well-being of children.

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Marshall Modernizes City Communication

September 1, 2020 at 1:00 p.m.

As a component of our Mobilize Marshall plans to optimize communication with our citizens, the City of Marshall is delighted to unveil a new, interactive website today at www.marshalltexas.net.

“In January, one staff member representing every city department met to evaluate multiple companies who specialize in developing new government websites. This group was tasked to find the right company to work with our city. After reviewing eight companies for their credentials, previous website designs, and interviews with previous clients, our design team recommended CivicPlus begin a new website for the City of Marshall in April. On August 17, 2020, the system user training was completed. Our team of Anna Lane, Rachel Chapman, Nikki Smith, Eric Powell, and Stormy Nickerson completed the necessary revisions. Jimmie Rambo of our IT Department launched the new website today. I am grateful to all city staff who participated in this process to bring convenient, simple, transparent solutions and information to Marshall. Special mention needs to be made of the leadership and oversight displayed by Stormy Nickerson throughout the process,” shared City Manager Mark Rohr.

Founded in 1998, CivicPlus has 4,000 government clients, and over 250,000 million citizens engage with their municipal websites daily. This current technology will enable the City of Marshall to create efficiencies in all areas of our local government by delivering the tools needed by our employees and our residents.

•             CivicReady – Mass notification system for residents to receive texts or emails during emergency events (weather, boil water notices), press releases, and newsletters. See News & Announcements for this feature.

•             CP Pay – A single payment gateway for your water utility bill.

•             CivicService – Residents may report city needs. See RequestTracker for this feature.

•             CivicHR – Employment listings for the City of Marshall. See Jobs for this feature.

•             CivicClerk – Agendas and minutes for City Commission and Board meetings. See Agendas for this feature.

As there are thousands of servers updating with our domain’s new DNS information, this process can take as little as an hour, 24 hours, or up to 72 hours for all City of Marshall residents to view the new website.

For more information, please contact:

Stormy Nickerson

City of Marshall Communications Coordinator

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Black Former N.F.L. Players Say Racial Bias Skews Concussion Payouts

The players say doctors use two scales — one for Black athletes, one for white — to determine eligibility for dementia claims.

  • Aug. 25, 2020
  • Note: Dr. Jim Harris provided this article. For several followed and contributed to the research related to head injuries resulting from football impact. The person that wrote3 the article is a friend of Jim.
  • Two retired players have accused the N.F.L. of “explicitly and deliberately” discriminating against hundreds if not thousands of Black players who filed dementia-related claims in the landmark concussion settlement reached in 2013, making it harder for them to qualify for payouts worth as much as $3 million.

In two legal actions filed Tuesday in United States District Court in Philadelphia, the players asked that the judge stop the league from insisting that race-based benchmarks be used to evaluate players’ claims. They also asked that the scores on Black players’ neurocognitive exams be recalculated using “race-neutral” scales that would put them on an even footing with white players.

“In effect, the settlement, as it has been administered, has a white door and a Black door,” said Cyril Smith, a partner at Zuckerman Spaeder and the lead counsel for two players who are Black, Najeh Davenport, a former running back, and Kevin Henry, a longtime defensive end. “Although the neurocognitive tests behind each door are the same, the raw scores for Black and white former players are interpreted differently when they are converted” to scores that are used to determine whether a player is eligible for a payment.

To read the entire story click here

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CORONAVIRUS INFO PROVIDED BY DR. JIM HARRIS – 9/1/2020

September 1, 2020

FROM TODAY’S MNM: Harrison county officials reported five new COVID-19 cases on Monday, bringing the county’s total number of active coronavirus cases to 24.

Harrison County Judge Chad Sims reported zero new cases on Sunday and five new cases on Monday, bringing the total number of cases in the county since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic to 800.

Of those 800 total cases this year, 741 have recovered, 35 have resulted in fatalities and 24 active cases remain.

Marion county officials did not report any additional cases throughout the weekend or on Monday.

Marshall ISD officials on Monday also reported one of its five cases since the start of the school year has now recovered, leaving four active cases across the district.

FROM JOHNS HOPKINS:1. Clinical Characteristics and Viral RNA Detection in Children With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in the Republic of Korea (JAMA) In this case series of 91 children with COVID-19 in Korea, 22.0% were asymptomatic. Only 8.5% of symptomatic cases were diagnosed at the time of symptom onset, while 66.2% had unrecognized symptoms before diagnosis and 25.4% developed symptoms after diagnosis; SARS-CoV-2 RNA was detected for a mean of 17.6 days overall and 14.1 days in asymptomatic cases. Inapparent infections in children may have been associated with silent COVID-19 transmission in the community. Heightened surveillance using laboratory screening will allow detection in children with unrecognized SARS-CoV-2 infection.

2. Colleges With Covid Outbreaks Advised to Keep Students on Campus(Bloomberg) A consensus is building among public health experts that it’s better to keep university students on campus after a Covid-19 outbreak rather than send them home as many are doing. It’s easier to isolate sick or exposed students and trace their contacts if they stay put, said Ravina Kullar, epidemiologist and spokesperson for Infectious Diseases Society of America. Sending students home risks exposing other people there as well as along the way, and makes contact tracing all but impossible.

3. Looking to Reopen, Colleges Become Labs for Coronavirus Tests and Tracking Apps(New York Times) The fall of 2020 will go down as a period of profound experimentation at colleges and universities transformed into hothouse laboratories. They are trying out wastewater tests, dozens of health-check apps and versions of homegrown contact technologies that log student movement and exposure risk. And they are experimenting with different testing methods that might yield faster results and be easier to administer, such as using saliva instead of nasal swabs. Like small island nations with discrete populations, many universities are using methods that cities, states and nations often cannot. The colleges have some authority over relatively captive communities, which are made up of students largely at ease with new technology. Plus, the schools have profound motivation: Their very economic survival depends on people coming to campus safely.

4.Vir and GlaxoSmithKline Begin Pivotal Study of Covid-19 Antibody Drug (STAT News) Vir Biotechnology, a San Francisco-based firm focused on infectious disease, and GlaxoSmithKline, the British drug giant, said Monday that they are beginning a study of an antibody drug aimed at treating Covid-19. The study will enroll 1,300 patients around the world who have early symptomatic infection, and will test whether the treatment, VIR-7831, can prevent those patients from being hospitalized. The companies said that they expect initial clinical results of the study by the end of 2020, meaning that the treatment, if effective, might be available for emergency use in early 2021.

5.REINFECTION After researchers in Hong Kong published details of a COVID-19 patient who appears to have been infected twice, with different strains of the virus, a team of US researchers report evidence that a COVID-19 patient in Nevada was also reinfected. The patient, a 25-year-old male, tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 in late April and was discharged following 2 negative diagnostic tests. He then tested positive again approximately 1 month later. The researchers indicate (preprint) that, like the patient in Hong Kong, genetic analysis of the specimens from the Nevada patient indicated that he was infected with 2 different strains of SARS-CoV-2. This is the first documented instance of SARS-CoV-2 reinfection in the US. One notable difference between the Hong Kong patient and Nevada patient is the severity of their second infection. The Hong Kong patient was asymptomatic when he was identified via screening upon arrival in Hong Kong, whereas the Nevada patient experienced much more severe disease during his second infection. While it still appears that reinfection is relatively rare, researchers will inevitably identify more cases. With tens of millions of cases, many of whom recovered from their initial infection months ago, we will certainly hear about more reinfections in the coming months. As more examples of reinfection are identified, researchers will aim to answer critical questions, some of which could provide critical insight into the efficacy of future vaccines. (J. Harris: Reinfection with COVID 19 is worrisome. Hopefully, it will remain uncommon).

MEDICAL NOTE: Physicians and Clinics seem to be doing a nice job of protecting patients from COVID during routine clinic visits and checkups. We talked about vaccinations (Tdap) and Flus shots recently. When have you had your blood pressure checked or had a virtual or face to face doctor’s appointment? Be careful not to let something sneak up on you. Keep your medicine refilled. Don’t ignore routine medical matters now that the crisis is under control. Keep your kids and grandkids vaccinated, even if you have to ignore your Norweigan housekeeper types.

“I’d rather have a free bottle in front of me, than a prefrontal lobotomy” (from Mark Lee, our Hawaiian reader).

Growing old should have taken longer.

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CORONAVIRUS INFO PROVIDED BY DR. JIM HARRIS – 8/31/2020

August 31, 2020

FROM THE MARSHALL NEWS MESSENGER

For the first time in months, Harrison County’s active COVID-19 case count has dropped below the crucial 20 case marker, according to Harrison County Judge Chad Sims on Saturday…The new number is the lowest active case count in months, bringing Harrison County under the crucial 20 active case count number that Texas Gov. Greg Abbott outlined in his mask mandate earlier this summer…In order to opt out Gov. Greg Abbott’s mask mandate, Texas counties need to have 20 or fewer active COVID-19 cases for a specified time, depending on population, but Sims said he isn’t asking the state to drop the order for Harrison County yet.

(J. Harris: Thank you, Judge Sims, for your judgment, caution and good sense).
Two metres or one: what is the evidence for physical distancing in covid-19?
Key messages
Current rules on safe physical distancing are based on outdated science

Distribution of viral particles is affected by numerous factors, including air flow

Evidence suggests SARS-CoV-2 may travel more than 2 m through activities such as coughing and shouting

Rules on distancing should reflect the multiple factors that affect risk, including ventilation, occupancy, and exposure time

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What A Nasal Spray Vaccine Against COVID-19 Might Do Even Better Than A Shot
(J. Harris: It’s not ready yet, but it makes good sense. They need a little time to play with this vaccine).
The University of Arizona says it caught a dorm’s COVID-19 outbreak before it started. Its secret weapon: Poop.
(J. Harris: Poop the Magic Dragon diagnoses  COVID. Clever, unobtrusive investigation helps prevent college epidemic, I hope). 

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Why should you never trust a train? They have loco motives.

Why was the baby ant confused? Because all his uncles were ants!

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“Black Lives Matter” Is Handing the Election to Trump

By Ron Munden – August 29, 2020

A couple of months ago I was confident that Trump would be defeated by Biden in a close election.

Today I am confident that Trump will beat Biden in a close election.

In my opinion, post-election analysis will show what defeated Biden was “Black Lives Matter”.   Peaceful protests are effective; violent protests are counter-productive.  They work against the cause.  “Black Lives Matters” organizers have demonstrated they do not have the leadership skills needed to ensure the protests are peaceful.  Sadly, there is no Martin Luther Kings in their leadership.  I am beginning to think that there is no leadership in “Black Lives Matter” movement.  A group without a leader quickly becomes a mob.  That is what has happened to this movement.

Democrats are not doing themselves a favor by only giving lip service to the condemnation of the violence and particularly the looters.

No one wants Donald J. Trump defeated more than me.  I think he is destroying the country and he will lead the United States forward an autocratic government if he has four more years.

I also think that he is going to get those four years if the Democrats do not step up an address the “Black Lives Matters” PROBLEM.

In my opinion drastic actions is require NOW.  A recent poll shows that 60% of the people in the poll think that “COVID-19” will decide the election while 40% think “civil unrest”.  If things don’t change, I see that quickly moving in the direction of “civil unrest.”

Here is my advice to Democrats and anyone else what wants Trump defeated.  Raise you voice and condemn the “Black Lives Matters” protests in their current form.  Do not tolerate violence

If I were in change these are some of the things I would do.

I believe looters are hurting the Democratic ticket more than anything.  Each time the news media shows video of looters in stores taking merchandise, Biden loses thousands of votes.  Stopping looters is mandatory for Biden to have a chance of winning. 

So first, I would order the police to use rubber bullets on looters leaving buildings with merchandise. 

I realize to some mayors are whims and won’t take this action, so I have a less effective but more humane option.  I would use a technique that has proven effective in other countries.  I would spray indelible blue dye on anyone leaving a looted building.  I would use drones to video these lootings from multiple angles.  At the first daylight I would begin arresting the “blue people”.  Even better, use option 1 and 2 both.

People that want Biden to win the election should not give aid and comfort to looters.  They are not working with you; they are working against the Democratic Party.  Turn them into the police.

I will stop with item one on my list for now because I believe that unless looting is stopped before voting starts – the looters will be giving the election to Trump.

Everyday people daily accuse me of being a Democrat because I dislike Trump.  I have never been a Democrat because I believe the Democrats have a track record of not acting forcefully at critical times.  Now the time, perhaps the last time, they will have an opportunity to prove me wrong.

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Sad

By George Smith

George SmithAug 27, 2020, 8:56 AM (2 days ago)
to ron

Sad is a good/bad word to describe the mess weser daily in the news.

Anyone who loots, commits arson or acts of violence should be arrested and locked up. I have written about the obligation of peaceful protestors to turn in criminals who are disrupting the peaceful protests with their own sick agendas.

But there are two sides to every story. The 17-year-old who killed two strangers with a rifle at a demonstration this week was a Trump supporter. Members of the peaceful protest chased after him and knocked him done and two men were killed for their trouble.

I do agree with those who believe “peace” in this time of vitriolic hate speech is elusive. And, yet, the struggle for orace must never crease.

It is a hard fact that there is a pervasive bias against black men and other people of color, that many police officers and ordinary citizens look at black men differently than they do white men. The shootings and deaths of black men under questioning or in custody cannot be justified. It has to stop or the violence and deaths will continue.

I’m not excusing the violence that are offshoots of demonstrations amd protests, just trying to explain the situation.

My son-in-law is black; I have two black grandsons and black cousins.  I sat in while my son-in-law talked to his 16-year-old and 10-year-old about being black in a white-dominated society.

It broke my heart. I never had that talk to my two sons. There was no need.

Regardless of your feelings, or mine, Trump and his policies are supported by neo-Nazis, KKK groups, Qanon whackos and white supremacist groups. Trump does not have to BE a racist if those groups believe he IS a racist.

And they do believe it. And with the president seen as being four-square “on the side” of racism, the boundaries of decency and humanity are not shifted, they are removed entirely.

That’s where we are. It is where we will be until the November 3 election.

Can this country sustain four more years of vitriol, hate and division?

It’s a question we each have to answer. And how we answer it sets the foundation for the future of the United States.

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CORONAVIRUS INFO PROVIDED BY DR. JIM HARRIS – 8/28/2020

August 28, 2020

James HarrisAug 28, 2020, 12:27 PM (21 hours ago)
to Ron

FROM MNM: Harrison County Judge Chad Sims on Thursday announced 13 new recoveries and just a single new case of the novel coronavirus in his county.

There have been 789 positive cases in county residents and 734 of those residents are considered recovered. The county has had 35 COVID-19 deaths. Active cases in the county were at 20. On Thursday, there were nine new cases and only one reported in Harrison County.

FROM HOPKINS:

1. MOTORCYCLE RALLY The annual Sturgis Motorcycle Rally drew hundreds of thousands of bikers from across the US to a small town in South Dakota for a 10-day festival. Health officials have identified at least 103 cases of COVID-19 across at least 8 states that are believed to be connected with the rally, and that number is expected to grow in the coming weeks. Held August 7-16, the rally drew approximately 460,000 vehicles to the small town of Sturgis, which has a population of 7,000—71 times smaller than its occupancy during the rally. Multiple reports indicate that social distancing and other protective measures, including mask use, were not widely enforced or practiced by the attendees. South Dakota health officials are conducting contact tracing operations to the extent possible, and they have already identified several exposures at the rally, including cases detected among bartenders, tattoo artists, and rally attendees.Given the size of the event, contact tracing is a difficult task, and health officials have asked attendees to monitor their symptoms for 14 days. According to cell phone geo-location data, more than 61% of US counties have been visited by someone who attended the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally, which illustrates the potential for widespread geographic transmission of SARS-CoV-2 resulting from the event. Like other large events or gatherings, it could be several weeks before any indication of increased transmission becomes evident. And because the participants dispersed across a wide geographic area (as opposed to remaining concentrated locally), it may be very difficult to identify associated clusters or outbreaks among the broader US epidemic. (J. Harris: Last night’s RNC mostly unmasked, unspaced spectacle likely will present eager trackers many new cases to follow and marvel  over).

2. The Coronavirus May Shut Down the Immune System’s Vital Classrooms (Science) At the top of the long list of uncertainties about COVID-19 is whether people who recover will develop durable immune responses to the coronavirus that causes it. A research team that has autopsied people who died from COVID-19 has now discovered they lack so-called germinal centers, classrooms in the spleen and lymph nodes in which immune cells learn to mount a long-lasting antibody response to a pathogen. Although the finding may not apply to people who have mild or asymptomatic coronavirus infections, it may help explain COVID-19 progression in the sickest cases and provide important insights to vaccine developers.(J. Harris: The article in Sciernce is short and important but somewhat hard to understand. I t also implies that some of the finding recently will make vaccines effective vaccines easier to develop).


FROM JAMA:

1. Effect of Remdesivir vs Standard Care on Clinical Status at 11 Days in Patients With Moderate COVID-19(J. Harris:  A recent study comparing 5 days vs 10 days of Remdesivir to 11 days of standard care without the antibiotic showed little or now benefit of the medication in MODERATE COVID- 19)
Tracking Coronavirus Cases at U.S. Colleges and Universities

COVID-19 hospitalizations in Texas have dropped by 20 percent in the last week, while deaths continue to average close to 200 a day

Having more money doesn’t make you happier. I have 50 million
dollars but I’m just as happy as when I had 48 million.
~ Arnold Schwarzenegger.

CORONAVIRUS INFO PROVIDED BY DR. JIM HARRIS – 8/26/2020

August 26, 2020

Hallsville and Longview have a few COVID cases in their schools. I have no local reports. Harrison County reported 2 new cases yesterday.

FROM JOHNS HOPKINS1. Oleandrin dangers: Toxicology Organization’s joint statement concerning proposals for the use as a potential treatment for COVID-19

2. First Covid-19 Reinfection Documented in Hong Kong, Researchers Say (STAT News) Researchers in Hong Kong on Monday reported what appears to be the first confirmed case of Covid-19 reinfection, a 33-year-old man who was first infected by SARS-CoV-2 in late March and then, four and a half months later, seemingly contracted the virus again while traveling in Europe. The case raises questions about the durability of immune protection from the coronavirus. But it was also met with caution by other scientists, who questioned the extent to which the case pointed to broader concerns about reinfection.

3. Not just antibodies: B cells and T cells mediate immunity to COVID-19 (Nature) Recent reports that antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 are not maintained in the serum following recovery from the virus have caused alarm. However, the absence of specific antibodies in the serum does not necessarily mean an absence of immune memory. Here, we discuss our current understanding of the relative contribution of B cells and T cells to immunity to SARS-CoV-2 and the implications for the development of effective treatments and vaccines for COVID19.    (J. Harris: I little more complicated that our “Vaccine 101 of Aug. 25 but a nice article).

Rural Hospitals Are Sinking Under COVID-19 Financial Pressures ( J. Harris: Harrison and Gregg Counties are fortunate to have the Christus organization involved in our communities as well as Smith County. Christus’ not for profit mission gives them staying power during hard times and times when Medicaid payments are inadequate or not properly distributed. I used to envy Titus County because they had a well established City/County Hospital District (tax-supported) with a good record of providing local medical care. Unfortunately, Covid-19 is running rampant through the area poultry plant and the Mt. Pleasant community, and according to the article above, causing massive financial problems for the hospital and the community).

Genetic data show how a single superspreading event sent coronavirus across Massachusetts — and the nation
(J. Harris: Genetic studies of the virus reads like  a ”who done it” whose ending you already know but the detective work is engrossing).

GOOD PODCAST ABOUT RECENT COVID-19 MATTERS

CURRENT QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT COVID
(J. Harris: Good practical questions and answers)
Good luck to everyone in the path of the storms, especially our friends in Houston. Most likely, my mailouts will become much less frequent. It was about time for that anyway.  Texas Department of Health Services (https://dshs.texas.gov/coronavirus/additionaldata.aspx, Johns Hopkins, the CDC, NYT, Texas Tribune, Washington Post, and local newspapers remain the best current sources of information that I have found. I anticipate loss of power and no internet. Stay well, everyone. Fortunately, we don’t need electricity to pray for each other. Try and maintain distance and masks. 

What did the teacher do with the student’s report on cheese? She grated it.

Did you know that Lawrence Welk had four daughters?  Anna 1, Anna 2, Anna 3, Anna 4

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